Dying or Changing: The Challenge of the HK Radio Industry
Keywords:Hong Kong, Community radio, ethnography, archiving, new media technology
As radio shifts from analog to digital, the Hong Kong Radio Industry faces a challenge that they have not prepared for. To say the least, they have been running on deficit. In addition, it seems that they had become outdated, falling behind in terms of technology and exhibiting a lack of awareness about how online social media interaction between disk jockeys and listeners could attract more attention and increase their listener base. Significantly, Hong Kong radio is notable for not having archival systems for their sound recordings and radio content that could provide public and educational access after live radio sessions, and that might have helped maintain, if not increase their audiences who are increasingly used to accessing radio on demand via streaming services. This highlights the urgent need to set up a system for preserving Hong Kong’s precious recordings. Using ethnographic approach, the researcher adopted a qualitative method where they observed and interacted with the study’s participants in their real-life environment. Moreover, the paper applied a usability in a user-centered service design to help them analyze the problem, which includes the relevant domain, audience, process, goal, and context. Using an ethnographic study within a usability project enables researchers to thoroughly analyze the design problem and notice all associated issues to come up with a better solution. This paper focused on the radio industry in Hong Kong, particularly addressing crucial issues and questions that have been understudied in existing academic research.
Austin, M. (2016). Experiencing radio at the interface: Preserving the past and
designing the future of radio. Journal of Radio & Audio Media, 23(2), 335-340. https://doi.org/10.1080/19376529.2016.1224426
Bonini, T. (2014). “Doing radio in the age of Facebook” in Radio Journal: International Studies in Broadcast & Audio Media, 12(1), 73-87. https://doi.org/10.1386/rjao.12.1-2.73_1
Bonini, T., Fesneau, E., Perez, J. I., Luthje, C., Jedrzejewski, S., Pedroia, A., Rohn, U., Sellas, T., Starkey, G., & Stiernstedt, F. (2014). “Radio formats and social media use in Europe – 28 case studies of public service practice” in Radio Journal: International Studies in Broadcast & Audio Media, 12(1), 89-107. https://doi.org/10.1386/rjao.12.1-2.89_1
Cheng, A. (2015, November 19). “Hong Kong’s digital radio is fading away as watchdog fails to put listeners’ interests first” In South China Morning Post. https://www.scmp.com/comment/insight-opinion/article/1880490/hong-kongs-digital-radio-fading-away-watchdog-fails-put
Chignell, H. (2009). Key concepts in radio studies. SAGE Publications.
Chow, F. Y. (2007). Before and after the Fall: Mapping Hong Kong Cantopop in the Global Era. LEWI Working PaperSeries. https://repository.hkbu.edu.hk/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1009&context=lewi_wp
CLAYTON, D. (2004). The consumption of radio broadcast technologies in Hong Kong, c.1930–1960. The Economic History Review, 57(4), 691-726. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0289.2004.00293.x
Communications Authority. (n.d.). Annual report 2014/15. https://www.coms-auth.hk/annual_report/1415/pdf/en/full.pdf
Ehrick, C. (2016). Radio archives and preservation in Latin America: A preliminary overview. Journal of Radio & Audio Media, 23(2), 381-388. https://doi.org/10.1080/19376529.2016.1224431
Ferguson, D. A., & Greer, C. F. (2011). Local radio and Microblogging: How radio stations in the U.S. are using Twitter. Journal of Radio & Audio Media, 18(1), 33-46. https://doi.org/10.1080/19376529.2011.558867
Friz, A. (2011). The radio of the future redux: Rethinking transmission through experiments in radio art [Doctoral dissertation]. https://www.academia.edu/14287159/The_Radio_of_the_Future_Redux_Rethinking_Transmission_Through_Experiments_in_Radio_Art_2011_
Gutiérrez San Miguel, M., Martí, J., Ferrer, I., Monclús, B., & Ribes, X. (2014). Spanish primetime radio shows in Facebook and Twitter: Synergies between on-air radio broadcasting and social networks. https://doi.org/10.4185/rlcs-2014-1018en
Hamilton, B. (2013). Impact of digital convergence on community radio in the USA. Media Development, (2), 12-19.
Huang, Y., Song, Y., & 華藝數位股份有限公司, ebook provider. (2018). The evolving landscape of media and communication in Hong Kong.
Jacobs, F. (2018, June 21). DJs & social media: Point-counterpoint. Jacobs Media Strategies. https://jacobsmedia.com/djs-social-media-point-counterpoint/
Jefferson, G. (n.d.). 245 million iHeartRadio fans can't be wrong. USA Today. https://www.usatoday.com/
Ka Kuen Leung, D. (2008). Internet Radio and Radical Democratic Citizenship: The Experience of Hong Kong [Paper presentation]. Conference Papers -- International Communication Association, 1-26.
Katriel, T. (2015). Expanding ethnography of communication research: Toward ethnographies of encoding. Communication Theory, 25(4), 454-459. https://doi.org/10.1111/comt.12072
Khiun, L. K. (2013). Sonic multiplicities: Hong Kong pop and the global circulation of sound and image. Chinese Journal of Communication, 7(1), 128-130. https://doi.org/10.1080/17544750.2013.843632
Klinenberg, E. (2011). Radio and Public Interest. Journal of Current Issues in Media & Telecommunications, 3(4), 299–303.
Kwong, K. (2016, July 6). Hong Kong localism, and nostalgia, behind revival of interest in Canto-pop. South China Morning Post. https://www.scmp.com/culture/music/article/1985636/hong-kong-localism-and-nostalgia-behind-revival-interest-canto-pop
LaPlaca, L. (2016). Revitalizing the northwestern University radio archive project, rediscovering midwestern radio history. Journal of Radio & Audio Media, 23(2), 389-394. https://doi.org/10.1080/19376529.2016.1224432
Lau, C. (2017, November 3). A timeline of former Hong Kong leader Donald Tsang’s legal journey. South China Morning Post, p. 1. https://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/law-crime/article/2118327/timeline-former-hong-kong-leader-donald-tsangs-legal
Lee, F. L. (2014). Talk radio, the mainstream press, and public opinion in Hong Kong. Hong Kong University Press.
Lee, L. F., Chan, J. M., & So, C. K. (2003). Contextualizing Political Talk Radio in Hong Kong: A Comparison of Journalistsâ€™ and Citizensâ€™ Views. In Conference Papers -- International Communication Association (pp. 1-30). https://doi-org.lib-ezproxy.hkbu.edu.hk/ica_proceeding_11802.PDF
Leung, D. K. (2015). The rise of alternative net radio in Hong Kong: The historic case of one pioneering station. Journal of Radio & Audio Media, 22(1), 42-59. https://doi.org/10.1080/19376529.2015.1015861
Lin, C. A. (2010). Satellite radio adoption demand: Consumer beliefs, attitudes and intentions. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 54(2), 265-281. https://doi.org/10.1080/08838151003737964
Ma, K. F. (2014, June 9). 虧待了商台. Ming Po Daily News. https://www.mingpao.com/
Mazzarella, S. R., Hains, R. C., & Thiel-Stern, S. (2013). Girlhoods in the golden age of U.S. radio: Music, shared popular culture, and memory. Journal of Radio & Audio Media, 20(1), 117-133. https://doi.org/10.1080/19376529.2013.777731
Mooney, C. T. (2010). Turn on, tune in, drop out: Radio listening, ownership policy, and technology. Journal of Media Economics, 23(4), 231-248. https://doi.org/10.1080/08997764.2010.527229
Murphy, S. (2006, March 9). Who are the main radio broadcasters? HK Magazine. https://www.scmp.com/magazines/hk-magazine/article/2032426/radio-hong-kong
Ng, K. C. (2016, August 9). Time for Hong Kong to scrap analogue radio and switch to digital, analyst says. South China Morning Post. https://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/article/2001546/time-hong-kong-scrap-analogue-radio-and-switch-digital-analyst-says
Patkin, J., & Stapleton, P. (2012). Public radio and inclusiveness: A study of Hong Kong’s radio 3 and the South Asian community. Media Asia, 39(3), 148-159. https://doi.org/10.1080/01296612.2012.11689931
Podkalicka, A. (2009). Young listening: An ethnography of YouthWorx media's radio project. Continuum, 23(4), 561-572. https://doi.org/10.1080/10304310903015704
Tsang, C. W. (2016, September 12). As another Hong Kong broadcaster gives up on digital radio, when will the trigger finally be pulled on this idea? South China Morning Post. https://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/politics/article/2018683/another-hong-kong-broadcaster-gives-digital-radio-when-will
Tsang, E. (2012, December 23). Albert Cheng agrees to sell his stake in Digital Broadcasting Corporation. South China Morning Post, p. 1. https://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/article/1111106/albert-cheng-agrees-sell-his-stake-digital-broadcasting-corporation
VanCour, S. (2016). Locating the radio archive: New histories, new challenges. Journal of Radio & Audio Media, 23(2), 395-403. https://doi.org/10.1080/19376529.2016.1224434
Wu, W. K. (2007, May 11). 「公營」不是「公共」？— 論香港電台的角色. 香港電台網站. https://rthk.hk/mediadigest/20070511_76_121422_html
Yau, E. (2014, September 15). Internet radio stations are taking off in Hong Kong. South China Morning Post. https://www.scmp.com/article/1592966/internet-radio-stations-are-taking-hong-kong
谭天. (2010). 港澳台广播电视 Radio Television in Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan (1st ed.). 暨南大学出版社.
韋佩文. (2004). 從一九二八年說起: 香港廣播七十五年專輯. 香港電台.
ilian Journalism Research, Vol. 6, Number 2-2010
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Asian Congress for Media and Communication Journal
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.